Understanding Small Modular Reactors
Published On: October 20, 2020
Electricity Commodity Update - September 2020
Small modular reactors (SMRs) are smaller-scale versions of conventional nuclear reactors. SMRs are typically designed to produce less than 300MW of power, however, they can be phased together to form a larger plant capable of producing greater power output. (Orenstein 2020; CNSC 2016; Mignacca and Locatelli 2020; OECD 2016). SMRs use nuclear fission to produce energy: energy for electricity, hybrid energy systems, district heating, water desalination, and high-quality steam for heavy industry applications (CNA 2018). They are modular, i.e., the modules are engineered off-site and moved to places where they are needed. This type of manufacturing provides a higher quality of construction, reduced production time, and ease of installation on-site.