A Comprehensive Guide to Electricity Generation Options in Canada
Study Released February 12, 2018
Study No. 168
Canada’s electricity generation mix consists of hydro, gas, oil, coal, nuclear, biomass, wind, solar and tidal sources. Each province’s unique mix will vary based on its natural resource availability and accessibility. In 2015, renewables (mostly hydro) accounted for 66% of the electricity generation, with the majority of hydro power production coming from Quebec, British Columbia, Ontario, Manitoba and Newfoundland (NEB, 2017).
Canada has the opportunity to move away from more traditional electricity generation options to produce low cost electricity with fewer greenhouse gas emissions. While there are other elements associated with the management of Canada’s electricity systems, such as smart grids and demand-side management, generation is still a key component of the system which provides the services Canadians have come to depend on in modern society.
Study findings will provide insights into the economics of different generation technologies by considering the resource potential of each province, the technical maturity of each option and technical improvements in generation equipment.